TracyW brings to my attention a quote from Adam Smith, the father of capitalism and new patron saint of D-Ed Reckoning, in the Wealth of Nations:
Where the masters, however, really perform their duty, there are no examples, I believe, that the greater part of the students ever neglect theirs. No discipline is ever requisite to force attendance upon lectures which are really worth the attending, as is well known wherever any such lectures are given. Force and restraint may, no doubt, be in some degree requisite in order to oblige children, or very young boys, to attend to those parts of education which it is thought necessary for them to acquire during that early period of life; but after twelve or thirteen years of age, provided the master does his duty, force or restraint can scarce ever be necessary to carry on any part of education.Adam Smith knows motivation. Adam Smith knows that ineffective instruction kills motivation. Back in the 18th Century no less. Adam Smith knew the evils of progressive education before it existed.
Adam Smith loved capitalism, but hated capitalists. Imagine what he'd think of our current crop of progressive educators.